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Issue #149
avril 2022

Covid-19 Learning Hub

Source: Sick Children’s Hospital

Summary:  This learning hub includes resources on COVID-19 and how to help you and your child cope. Find general information on COVID-19 and articles and resources about vaccines and testing. Download the article to find more information about COVID-19 vaccines for children (ages five to 11).

5 Ways You Can Educate Yourself and Support Indigenous Communities in Canada

Source: Global Citizen

Summary: The horrific discovery of 215 bodies in a former residential school in Kamloops, B.C., has brought renewed attention to the ongoing struggle of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. In the wake of this tragedy, media coverage and political denunciation of the legacy of residential schools has intensified, prompting Canadians to reflect upon this cruel and heart-wrenching chapter in their country’s history.

But it is important to remember that the fight for Indigenous rights is far-reaching and goes well beyond the scope of residential schools. In particular, the struggle for sovereignty and human rights in Indigenous communities has proven to be a long-term and complex issue that struggles to gain recognition from the wider population.

Canadians can do a great deal to become more educated about the issue of Indigenous rights and learn how they can help.

First Nations

Source: Canadian Encyclopedia

Focus: Senior elementary

Summary:  “First Nations” is the term used to refer to the Aboriginal Peoples  of Canada other than Métis and  Inuit. The members of the First Nations are the first occupants of the territories which constitute today Canada and they are the first Aboriginal People to have come into sustained contact with the Europeans, the settler villages and the trade which resulted from them. In Statistics Canada’s 2016 census, 977,230 people in Canada reported being of First Nations ancestry, representing a growth of 39.3% since 2006. There are 634 First Nations in Canada, using more than 50 distinct languages.

For more information on specific First Nations, see Indigenous Peoples in Canada .

Premières Nations

Source: L’Encyclopédie Canadienne

À l’intention des étudiants du primaire

Résumé: « Premières Nations » est le terme utilisé pour désigner les peuples autochtones du Canada autres que les Métis et les Inuits. Les membres des Premières Nations sont les premiers occupants des territoires qui constituent aujourd’hui le Canada et ce sont les premiers Autochtones à être entrés en contact soutenu avec les Européens, les villages de colons et le commerce qui en a découlé. Lors du recensement de 2016 de Statistique Canada, 977 230 personnes au Canada ont déclaré être d’ascendance des Premières Nations, ce qui représente une croissance de 39,3 % depuis 2006. Il existe 634 Premières Nations au Canada, qui utilisent plus de 50 langues distinctes.

Pour de plus amples renseignements sur des Premières Nations particulières, voir Peuples autochtones au Canada.

First Nations in Canada

Source: Government of Canada

Focus: Secondary students

Summary: First Nations in Canada is an educational resource designed for Canadian youth, high school educators and students, Indigenous communities, and anyone interested in First Nations history. Through this document, readers will have a better understanding of the major events that affected Indigenous communities from the time before the arrival of Europeans to the present day.

The first part of this text, entitled “The First Nations of Yesteryear,” presents an overview of the various cultures of the original First Nations, grouped according to the six main geographic regions in Canada. This section looks at the main differences between these six groups in terms of social organization, food resources, housing, modes of transportation, clothing, and spiritual ceremonies and beliefs.

Parts two to six of the text discuss the relationship between Indigenous Pople and newcomers to Canada, from the first meeting to the historic apology offered by the government in June 2008 to all former residential school students. With these apologies, the Government of Canada has expressed deep regret for the suffering caused to residents and their families. It also recognized the harm caused by these residential schools and the policies of assimilation into the culture, languages and heritage of the First Nations.

Les Premières Nations au Canada

Source: Gouvernement du Canada

À l’intention des étudiants au secondaire

Résumé: Les Premières Nations au Canada consiste en une ressource éducationnelle conçue à l’intention des jeunes Canadiens, des éducateurs et des élèves du secondaire, des collectivités autochtones ainsi que de tous ceux qui s’intéressent à l’histoire des Premières Nations. Grâce à ce document, les lecteurs auront une meilleure compréhension des grands événements qui ont touché les collectivités autochtones depuis la période précédant l’arrivée des Européens jusqu’à nos jours.

La première partie de ce texte, intitulée « Les Premières Nations d’antan », présente un aperçu des diverses cultures des Premières Nations d’origine, groupées selon les six principales régions géographiques au Canada. Cette partie porte un regard sur les principales différences entre ces six groupes en matière d’organisation sociale, de ressources alimentaires, d’habitation, de modes de transport, d’habillement, et de cérémonies et croyances spirituelles.

Dans la partie deux à six du texte, on fait état des relations entre les Autochtones et les nouveaux arrivants au Canada, depuis la première rencontre jusqu’aux excuses historiques présentées par le gouvernement en juin 2008 à tous les anciens élèves des pensionnats autochtones. Par ces excuses, le gouvernement du Canada a exprimé de profonds regrets pour la souffrance causée aux pensionnaires et à leur famille. Il a aussi reconnu le tort occasionné par ces pensionnats et les politiques d’assimilation à la culture, aux langues et au patrimoine des Premières Nations.

Aujourd’hui, le gouvernement du Canada travaille en partenariat avec les Premières Nations, en cette ère de réconciliation, pour renforcer les collectivités autochtones. Ce travail de collaboration essentiel a lieu partout au pays dans divers domaines relatifs aux Autochtones, tels que l’économie, l’éducation, la gouvernance, les services sociaux, les droits de la personne, la culture et le règlement des revendications territoriales en suspens.

Indigenous Student’s Perception of Multimedia Learning as an Approach for Enhancing Reading Comprehension Skills

Source: Open Journal of Science and Technology

Focus: Teachers and senior students

Summary: Reading  comprehension  is  one  of  the  language  skills  needed  in  processing  the  language, especially  in  comprehending  information.  Despite  its  importance,  many  of  the  students  failed  to perform comprehension  skills  well.  Some  of  the  reason  was  their  lack  of  language  proficiency  and divergent approaches used by the teachers. Technology has been in favor of teachers and students in teaching  practices  such  as  multimedia  learning  because  it  has  proven  to  help  them  in  learning  the language. Thus, this study aimed to find out indigenous students’ perception of multimedia learning as an approach to enhancing their reading comprehension skills.  Besides, the alluring features of multimedia learning have ignited the need to explore its potential in helping indigenous students learn comprehension skills better. This study relied heavily on the questionnaire to obtain comprehensive data from the students’ perspective. The surveys employed four sections that covered attention, motivation, relevance, and satisfaction.  The findings showed the students agreed that multimedia learning is an excellent tool in enhancing their reading comprehension skills. Despite that, the students disagree with the use of audio in multimedia learning.

Pulling Together: Manitoba Foundations Guide

Source: Brandon University

Summary: Elders, Knowledge Keepers, community members, and Indigenous organizations across Manitoba have ‘pulled together” to work alongside Assiniboine Community College, Brandon University, and Campus Manitoba to adapt the “Pulling Together Foundations Guide” for western Manitoba.

Originally created in British Columbia as part of a larger Indigenization project, the “Pulling Together: Manitoba Foundations Guide (Brandon Edition)” will provide a starting point for those who want to learn more about Indigenous Peoples in the Prairie region of Canada and those who wish to begin their journey of understanding Canada’s colonial legacy.

The “Pulling Together: Manitoba Foundations Guide (Brandon Edition)” is an open educational resource that can be found at http://pressbooks.openedmb.ca/pullingtogethermanitoba/.

Indigenous Ways of Learning, Being and Teaching: Implications for New Teachers to First Nations Schools

Source: H. Colleen Marchant, University of BC

Summary: As First Nations communities in British Columbia take control over the education of their children, it is important for teachers to understand some of the distinctions and nuances of the culture particular to First Nations schools and communities. This project attempts to provide some of that information. Three sources of information provide important cultural knowledge for teachers new to First Nations schools. Interviews with five respected principals and five respected educators, of First Nations schools in British Columbia, provide the first source of knowledge. Personal and significant cultural experiences, obtained over seven years teaching in First Nations schools, provide the second source. Finally, a literature review, depicting aspects of Indigenous cultures, important for new teachers to understand, provides the third source.

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