Source: Statistics Canada
Summary: First Nations people, Métis and Inuit make up an increasingly large share of the population.
In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Indigenous people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996.
The First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations are growing quickly.
Since 2006, the Indigenous population grew by 42.5%, which is more than four times faster than the rest of the population.
The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Act and those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016.
The Métis population (587,545) had the largest increase of any of the groups over the 10-year span, rising 51.2% from 2006 to 2016.
The Inuit population (65,025) grew by 29.1% from 2006 to 2016.
In the next two decades, the Indigenous population is likely to exceed 2.5 million persons.