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Category: Classroom Practice: Elementary

Fine Arts

Source: Learn Alberta

Focus: Grades 1-9

Summary: These sample lesson plans support Education for Reconciliation through the inclusion of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit perspectives; treaty education; and residential schools ’ experiences, with learning outcomes identified in the current Alberta Programs of Study for Grades 1 to 9 in Fine Arts.

Each sample lesson plan includes content(s) or context(s) related to one or more of the following aspects of Education for Reconciliation:

  • diverse perspectives and ways of knowing of First Nations, Métis, or Inuit, including values, traditions, kinship, language, and ways of being;
  • understandings of the spirit and intent of treaties; or
  • residential schools’  experiences and resiliency.

Links and relevant information in Guiding Voices: A Curriculum Development Tool for Inclusion of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives throughout Curriculum and Walking Together: First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives in Curriculum are provided to support understandings of First Nations, Métis, or Inuit ways of knowing. Both online resources are accessed through

Indigenous Arts and Stories: Teacher’s Guide: Primary Art and Writing Activities

Source: Historica Canada

Summary: Historica Canada’s Indigenous Arts & Stories contest provides an opportunity for Indigenous youth to explore their heritage and culture and aims to encourage them to create their very own work of art or piece of writing.

This learning tool has been created for students ages 6 to 12. This tool gives step-by-step directions on how to create different art and writing projects to submit to the contest. Teachers can use the guide to help choose activities for their students and to assist youth in the creative process of developing their art and writing.

Exploring Aboriginal Homes and Architecture

Source: Historica Canada

Focus: Intermediate History

Summary: Students will explore different types of First Nations and Aboriginal architecture and submit a model to a simulated architectural firm.

Students will:

  • Understand the transition of housing from pre-contact to today and the role government has played
  • Describe practices and beliefs that reflect First Peoples’ connections to the land and the natural environment
  • Compare daily life in First Peoples communities
  • Appreciate and value the cultures and traditions of First Nations people

When We Were Alone

Source: David A. Robertson, Author

Focus: Primary Students

Summary: A read-a-long book that introduces the history of Residential Schools to primary students.

Equitable Education for All

Source: Speak Truth to Power Canada, Karihwakè:ron Tim Thompson

Focus: Grades 5-12

Summary: How to use this lesson

Global and Canadian Defenders for human rights have changed societal conditions and provide inspiration for students. The overall goal of Speak Truth to Power Canada is to raise student awareness that advances in human rights come through the actions of individuals.

In this lesson plan on Equitable Education for All you will find:

  • An interview with Tim Thompson including his biography.
  • Student activities that support the theme of this lesson, including activities related to First Nations Education in Canada, Shannen’s Dream, and an opportunity for students to assess the level of Aboriginal resources in their classrooms and schools.
  • Three brief community defender profiles are provided to expand the lesson and encourage students to identify with a variety of defenders for human rights.

To support the lesson on Equitable Education for All, you will also find:

  • Sections or articles of selected legal instruments that are tied to the theme of Equitable Education for All.
  • A student activity that links the Moments in Time timeline of advancements and setbacks in human rights from a Canadian perspective.
  • You can, of course, choose to use any or all of the suggested student activities.

Grade 7 Métis Cross-Curricular Teacher Guide BC

Source: The Grade 7 Métis Cross-Curricular Teacher Guide was developed by Métis Nation British Columbia.

Focus: Grade 7

Summary: The Grade 7 Métis Cross-Curricular Teacher Guide has been created to assist teachers in delivering lessons that focus on the Métis people of British Columbia. There are over 60,000 Métis people in British Columbia and of that over 21,000 are of elementary school age. (Statistics Canada Census 2006). Métis people settled in B.C. over the last two hundred years and are a large part of the Aboriginal population in British Columbia.

The main objective of the Grade 7 Cross-Curricular Teacher Guide is to provide teachers with lessons and resources that focus on the contemporary Métis in British Columbia. It is important that Métis people are noted for their roles in communities in B.C. and are recognized as one of the three distinct Aboriginal peoples of Canada.

The activities within the Grade 7 Métis Cross-Curricular Teacher Guide were created using “inquiry based” learning. Inquiry based learning is a process where students are involved in their learning, formulate questions, investigate widely and then build new understandings, meanings and knowledge.

Land and Resource Connection Lesson Plans

Source: Indigenous Education BC

Focus: Grades 3-6

Summary: Learning Intentions for the students:

  • I can understand that there is diversity in Aboriginal culture.     
  • I can understand how Aboriginal culture and diversity is connected to the land.             
  • I can explain how the resources were used.

Grade 4 Métis Cross-Curricular Unit

Source: Métis Nation British Columbia

Focus: Grade 4

Summary: The Grade 4 Métis Cross-Curricular Unit provides teachers and students with information and instruction on the Métis people and their culture. The objective of the Unit is to answer the question “Who Are the Métis?”, and to introduce the distinct characteristics of the culture, including food, clothing, language, technology, music and dance, traditional values, family and community. The students will have the opportunity to learn about the origins of the Métis culture and the significant contributions the Métis people have made in Canada historically and continue to make today. The Unit will also illustrate the influence the Métis have in the cultural diversity of Aboriginal peoples in Canada.

The Grade 4 Métis Cross-Curricular Unit stresses the blending of the Aboriginal and European cultures to create the unique Métis culture. The lessons examine and study the adaptations the Métis have made throughout history to ensure the survival of Métis people. Each of the eight lesson plans is designed to explain a specific element of Métis culture and illustrates how and why the Métis are a distinct Aboriginal people. The lessons are structured to allow the teacher to: teach the whole unit, choose individual lesson plans, or choose parts of the lessons to supplement their existing lessons. The unit lessons can be taught in the subjects of Social Studies, English Language Arts, Fine Arts, Science, Math, Social Responsibility and Physical Education.

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