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Category: Classroom Practice: Elementary

The Great Bear Sea

Source: Great Bear Sea

Focus: Grades 4-7

Summary: The elementary resource has been designed for Grades 4-7, using a hands-on, inquiry-based approach exploring themes of Indigenous Knowledge, collaborative research, marine planning, collaborative decision-making, careers, and stewardship. It focuses specifically on Science and Social Studies, but can be used cross-curricular as certain activities are Mathematics, English Language Arts, Career Education, and Arts Education based. The key subjects have been identified at the beginning of each lesson plan addressing a variety of Big Ideas, content, and curricular competencies in the area of learning. The lesson plans, film clips, and resources provide a framework for educators to facilitate a unit of study. The lessons have learning outcomes and concepts that build upon each other. However, activities have been designed to allow for customization or differentiation as you move through the unit to suit the needs of your environment or learners. This unit can be tailored to suit students’  interests and curiosity as you explore the Great Bear Sea.

The resources have been divided into sections to guide the classroom teacher. For each lesson teachers will find required materials, lesson context, and learning outcomes, step-by-step instructions for suggested activities, extensions, and assessment ideas as well as black line masters. A Teacher Background section is also included for each lesson, highlighting additional background content for educators.

In Our Own Words, K-Gr. 3, Authentic Resources (2020)

Source: First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

Focus: K-Gr. 3

Summary: The teacher resource guide In Our Own Words, K-Gr. 3 Authentic Resources (Revised 2020) has been developed to offer teachers information and guidance about how to incorporate authentic First Peoples materials into their instruction and assessment practices.  Inside, you will find lesson plans, curriculum connections, assessment resources, and suggested texts.

This publication was developed by the First Nations Education Steering Committee and the First Nations Schools Association, in collaboration with the BC Ministry of Education and support from the Education Partnerships Program of Indigenous Services Canada.

Education for Reconciliation and Social Justice: Kindergarten – Grade 2

Source: First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada

Focus: Grade 2 students

Summary: This resource guide offers ideas for engaging students in critical learning to better understand the situation of First Nations children and young people and to address the inequalities they experience in education, child welfare, and access to government service through three interrelated campaigns nested in principles of reconciliation and in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC): Shannen’s Dream, Jordan’s Principle and I am a witness. All three campaigns feature resource rich websites that provide background information, independent reports/research and examples of what children and young people have undertaken to support the campaigns across Canada.

In addition to assisting First Nations children and young people, the campaigns are designed to uplift all children by promoting critical reflection on the historical and contemporary relationships between Aboriginal and other peoples in Canada and engaging children and youth in peaceful and respectful restorative actions. Teachers report that participating students have a better understanding of Aboriginal peoples and Canadian history within a human rights context, and show an improved sense of respectful citizenship, social agency and academic success. Students are often inspired, excited and motivated when they are provided with an opportunity to make a difference within existing curriculum.

Rupertsland Centre for Teaching and Learning

Source: Rupertsland Institute Métis Centre of Excellence

Focus: Elementary and secondary students

Summary: Rupertsland Centre for Teaching and Learning develops comprehensive foundational knowledge resources, engaging lesson plans, meaningful professional development opportunities and authentic classroom learning tools that speak accurately and meaningfully to topics in Métis education.

Rupertsland Centre for Teaching and Learning (RCTL) is continually developing new resources to engage learners of all ages with Métis education.

First Nations

Source: Canadian Encyclopedia

Focus: Senior elementary

Summary:  “First Nations” is the term used to refer to the Aboriginal Peoples  of Canada other than Métis and  Inuit. The members of the First Nations are the first occupants of the territories which constitute today Canada and they are the first Aboriginal People to have come into sustained contact with the Europeans, the settler villages and the trade which resulted from them. In Statistics Canada’s 2016 census, 977,230 people in Canada reported being of First Nations ancestry, representing a growth of 39.3% since 2006. There are 634 First Nations in Canada, using more than 50 distinct languages.

For more information on specific First Nations, see Indigenous Peoples in Canada .

Curriculum and Reconciliation: Introducing Indigenous Perspectives into K–12 Science

Source: The Conference Board of Canada

Focus: K-12 Science

Summary: In the years following the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, all kinds of teaching materials and pedagogical advice have been produced to help teachers incorporate Indigenous perspectives in their classrooms. However, without endorsement by provincial curricula, these resources have had limited impact. If education is to support reconciliation and effectively integrate Indigenous learners, it will require reforms that go beyond the production of new teaching materials. Curriculum reform has to drive change.

To better understand the state of science curriculum reform across Canada, we scanned Canadian K–12 science curriculum for references to Indigenous perspectives, and talked with a range of experts involved with science educational renewal.

Curriculum and Reconciliation: Introducing Indigenous Perspectives into K–12 Science briefly and visually outlines the landscape of school science curricula across the country. Several jurisdictions integrate Indigenous content, perspectives, and ways of knowing, while others have yet to include references to Indigenous perspectives.

Who are the Inuit?

Source: ETFO

Focus: Elementary students

Summary: Resilient, strong and innovative are some words to describe the Inuit, but who are the Inuit? The word Inuit means “the people” in Inuktitut, the language spoken by the Inuit. For thousands of years the Inuit have survived in harsh arctic climates, relying on their relationship with the Land and their community for survival. From a modern geographic perspective, the Inuit Territory is comprised of four regions in the Arctic Circle: Nunavut (the territory), Inuvialuit (the Northern Northwest Territories and Yukon), Nunavik (Northern Quebec and Labrador), and Nunatsiavut (Northeastern Labrador). The land, water, and ice that are home to many Inuit is called, Inuit Nunangat. Today, the Inuit also live outside of this region, including urban areas such as Ottawa and Toronto. The Inuit are one people and speak one language, but with many different dialects; Inuktut (also called Inuktitut). Through a conversation with Qauyisaq “Kowesa” Etitiq, we learn about who the Inuit are, and will aim to answer commonly asked questions. We will learn about Inuit identity, where they come from, where they live, and about their distinct set of values and way of life.

Indigenous Education

Source: Ontario Teachers’ Foundation

Focus: Elementary students

Summary: As teachers, we must ensure that today’s generation of Indigenous students, many of whom may be reclaiming their traditional language and customs, and non-Indigenous students have access to authentic opportunities to learn about Indigenous Peoples, perspectives, and experiences – past and present.

The suggestions are focused on supporting teachers in the classroom.

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