Source: Michael J. Kral, Patricia K. Wiebe, Kari Nisbet, Catherine Dallas, Looee Okalik, Nubiya Enuaraq, James Cinotta, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign & University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Ottawa, Canada.
Focus: Educators and Community Workers
Objectives – To review suicide patterns among Inuit in Canada and highlight new developments in Inuit-driven and community-based suicide prevention.
Study design – Narrative overview of suicide among Inuit in Canada, strides towards Inuit autonomy, and community and government action towards suicide prevention.
Methods – Review of Inuit meanings of mental health, movements towards Inuit control across Inuit Nunaat (the 4 Inuit regions) of Canada, and of community and government action towards suicide prevention.
Results – Economic advancement is occurring in Inuit Nunaat following land claim settlements, and territorial and provincial governments are overseeing Inuit well-being. Inuit community engagement in suicide prevention is taking place and studies are being planned to evaluate the efficacy of such action for suicide prevention and community mental health. Initial evidence demonstrates that community control over suicide prevention itself can be effective towards preventing suicide.