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Issue #33
August, 2012

The History Game Canada

Source: Canada’s National History Society and The Historica Foundation

Summary: The History Game Canada is a game based on Canadian history that lets anyone play the past. Based on the award-winning, best-seller Sid Meier’s Civilization III, The History Game Canada is the “What If” game of Canada… and you’re the author

Parental and Community Engagement Program

Source: The First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

Summary: The First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC) is an independent society that is committed to improving education for all First Nations learners in British Columbia. FNESC is led by representatives of First Nations across the province.

FNESC has more than 30 publications on First Nations learning. You can find many of them here available as a download, or you can order them directly.

FNESC also provides administrative services for the First Nations Schools Association, IAHLA and other partner organizations.

A Journey into Time Immemorial – Elementary/Secondary

Source: Virtual Museum of Canada

Summary: A Journey into Time Immemorial is based on the story of Xá:ytem Longhouse in Mission BC in the Fraser Valley just east of Vancouver BC. Students and visitors are welcome to visit and take in a tour year round.

The University worked closely with the staff at Xá:ytem to produce this award winning website. It is an artistic and cultural interpretation and is not meant to convey precisely accurate archaeological information. Contemporary archaeologists view First Nations as partners and value oral traditions as a source of information about the past that augments the scientific approach.


Source : Ontario Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs

Summary: The Promoting Life-skills in Aboriginal Youth (PLAY) program has expanded to 39 First Nation communities across the province of Ontario. PLAY is designed to develop young leaders within the community and empower them to create positive change.

The program has created more than 30 full-time jobs for community mentors who work with Aboriginal youth to take part in training workshops, plan community events and participate in sports. Fifty jobs have also been created for Aboriginal youth to work with community mentors to deliver programs.

The PLAY Program is a multi-faceted program that is tailored to the specific needs of each community, is designed in partnership with the community and aims to support children and youth to develop and strengthen essential life-skills. Prior to implementation, community members participate in a thorough needs assessment that guides the design of the program

The focus of the PLAY Program in each community differs based upon the input of community members but includes some or all of the following four components:

  1. Summer Sun Program
  2. Hockey For Development Program
  3. Youth Leadership Program
  4. After-School Program

The Income Gap between Aboriginals and the Rest of Canada. Ottawa: Centre for Policy Alternatives

Source: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Daniel Wilson and David Macdonald. Retrieved October 20, 2010

Summary: This study breaks new ground by examining data from Canada’s last three censuses — 1996, 2001 and 2006 — to measure the income gap between Aboriginal peoples and the rest of Canadians. Not only has the legacy of colonialism left Aboriginal peoples disproportionately ranked among the poorest of Canadians, this study reveals disturbing levels of in­come inequality persist as well.

In 2006, the median income for Aboriginal peoples was $18,962 — 30% lower than the $27,097 median income for the rest of Canadians. The difference of $8,135 that existed in 2006, however, was marginally smaller than the difference of $9,045 in 2001 or $9,428 in 1996.

While income disparity between Aboriginal peoples and the rest of Canadians narrowed slightly between 1996 and 2006, at this rate it would take 63 years for the gap to be erased. Ironically, if and when parity with other Canadians is reached, Aboriginal peoples will achieve the same level of income inequality as the rest of the country, which is getting worse, not better.

The study reveals income inequality persists no matter where Aboriginal peoples live in Canada. The income gap in urban settings is $7,083 higher in urban settings and $4,492 higher in rural settings. Non-Aboriginal people working on urban re­serves earn 34% more than First Nation workers. On rural reserves, non-Aboriginal Canadians make 88% more than their First Nation colleagues.

The study also reveals income inequality persists despite rapid increases in educa­tional attainment for Aboriginal people over the past 10 years, with one exception.

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