Educational Resources

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Educational Resources

Canadian Directory of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Collections

Source: Indian and Northern Affairs in cooperation with the University of Saskatchewan
Focus: Students and researchers

Summary:The directory lists library and cultural institutions with collections related to First Nations, Métis and the Inuit in Canada.

This directory is compiled by the Library and Information Needs of Native People’s Interest Group of the Canadian Library Association, the Departmental Library of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada in cooperation with University of Saskatchewan Libraries.

Tipatshimuna – Innu stories from the land

Source: Virtual Museum of Canada
Focus: Researchers and students interested in learning more about the Innu culture and history

Summary: According to Innu oral tradition, the world is an island created by wolverine and mink after a great flood. The archaeological record shows that the Innu and their ancestors have occupied a large portion of Labrador and eastern Quebec for two thousand or more years. The Innu refer to this territory as “Nitassinan.”

Discover the heritage and tradition of the Innu through their stories and material culture which are presented on this virtual site.

A Training Curriculum for Early Childhood Education Educators in the Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern Communities Head Start Program Working with Special Needs

Source: Emily F. King. Lakehead University
Focus: Early Childhood Educators, Special Education teachers and Administrators

Summary: This report emphasizes the need for special needs training in Aboriginal communities and highlights the importance of developing a framework which is founded on Indigenous ways of knowing. Six Guiding Principles were established, emphasizing traditional elements that need to guide the process of curriculum creation. Traditional elements of particular importance to participants included the need to recognize the many important roles of Elders within the community, the need for experiential learning to be central to a developed curriculum, and the recognition and identification of Indigenous ways of knowing which should guide all curriculum implementation and programming.

Drawing from these principles, this curriculum framework was created outlining both content and process associated with the guiding principles and features essential to include in an Aboriginal special needs early childhood education curriculum.

Exploring Motion-Related Technology Through a First Nations’ Game: A Lesson to Support Science 1

Source: Government of Saskatchewan. Developed by a team of teachers, Elders, and cultural advisors: Yvonne Chamakese, David Hlady, Anna-Leah King, Duane Johnson, Marcia Klein, Lana Lorensen, Sally Milne, Joseph Naytowhow, Lamarr Oksasikewiyin, Stuart Prosper, Ron Ray, Ted View, John Wright, and Laura Wasacase.

Focus: Grade 10 Science

Summary: This lesson is from the unit in the Saskatchewan Science 10 Curriculum Guide entitled Physical Science: Motion in Our World (MW), and can be used as an introduction to the concept of motion.

The lesson uses a First Nations’ game, snow snakes, to illustrate motion. Because snow is necessary for this game, the unit will need to be used during the winter.

Australia’s National Curriculum Services: Indigenous Education Resource Update

Source: Joint project among the Australian Government, Dare to Lead, and What Works: The Works Program

Summary: The Indigenous Education Resource Update is a comprehensive regular email newsletter about emerging resources in Indigenous education. It details nationally appropriate resources, their availability, a brief description of content and utility, and a hyperlink to the resource.

Resources for Aboriginal Studies

Source: University of Saskatchewan Libraries and University of Saskatchewan Archives
Focus: Teachers, senior students and researchers

Summary: The first phase of Resources for Aboriginal Studies project began in June 1995. During this phase the University Libraries and the University Archives began indexing and digitizing archival and published materials relating to aboriginal and Mètis studies. The project team created four databases with 2900 records, digitized more than 300 photographs, 60 documents and 60 law cases. Since 1995, work has continued. There are 647 photographs entries, 363 archival materials, and 527 law cases.

The University of Saskatchewan Libraries and University of Saskatchewan Archives began this project because of the enormous increase in demand for First Nations materials, from the University, First Nations communities and the general public. Providing electronic access to materials by, for and about Saskatchewan First Nations peoples through indexes and full text documentation to these materials would be a cost-effective means of increasing their availability.

Links to Canadian Provinces Curriculum Sites

Source: The Canadian Foundation for Economic Education (CFEE)
Focus: Teachers and Administrators

Summary: To help improve the economic capability of Canadians, CFEE has a wide range of resources and programs including publications, multimedia, teacher training, curriculum consultation, and research. This particular site lists all the Canadian provincial curriculum sites in one location providing the opportunity to search for Aboriginal resources available in Canada through district school boards.

Labrador Inuit through Moravian Eyes

Source: The University of Toronto Libraries, Memorial University Libraries and the Bibliothèque de l’Université Laval gratefully acknowledge the support of Canadian Culture Online.
Focus: Secondary teachers and students

Summary: This site provides information on the 250-year relationship between Moravian missionaries and the Inuit of Labrador. This interaction led to the establishment of settlements for a formerly nomadic people, their conversion to Christianity and exposure to aspects of North American culture. The information has been gathered from a variety of sources that shed light upon this unique adventure.

The teacher toolkit provides teachers with historical background, essays, pedagogical strategies and resource workshops designed to facilitate student inquiry into the relationships between the Moravian missionaries and the Inuit of Labrador. The educational resources section contains five instructional units for grades 7 to 10 covering a range of themes.

The student toolkit is a resource that enables students to explore the relationships between the Moravian missionaries and the Inuit, their ideologies, and the impacts of these cultural exchanges through the archival record and beyond. Included in these sections are historical vignettes, essays, and research and critical literacy workshops to help students look deeper into the world views of the Labrador Inuit and the Moravian missionaries.

Where are the Children? Healing the Legacy of Residential Schools

Source: Legacy of Hope Foundation
Focus: Secondary students

Summary: This is a virtual classroom site whose primary objective is to promote awareness among the Canadian public about residential schools and try to help them to understand the ripple effect those schools have had on Aboriginal life. The purpose also is to bring about reconciliation between generations of Aboriginal people, and between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people.

Through this site students will experience an interactive history of the Residential School system in Canada, travel through maps and timelines to visit schools and explore the Residential School Era. Students can explore the Mohawk Institute Residential School through a 3D tour, listen to survivors share their stories of life before, during and after residential school, and visit the original “Where are the children?” exhibit.

The Income Gap Between Aboriginal Peoples and the rest of Canada – April 2010

Source: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives: (

Authors: Dan Wilson and David MacDonald

Summary: This study examines data from Canada’s last three censuses — 1996, 2001 and 2006 — to measure the income gap between Aboriginal peoples and the rest of Canadians. The study concludes that not only has the legacy of colonialism left Aboriginal peoples disproportionately ranked among the poorest of Canadians, this study reveals disturbing levels of in­come inequality persist as well. While income disparity between Aboriginal peoples and the rest of Canadians narrowed slightly between 1996 and 2006, at this rate it would take 63 years for the gap to be erased.

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