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Educational Resources

Aboriginal Perspectives across the Curriculum (APAC)

Source: South Australian Department of Education
Focus: Elementary and Secondary Students and Teachers

Summary: APAC is a project that aims to broaden and deepen students’ and teachers’ understanding of Aboriginal cultures and ways of being. Teaching APAC will assist all students to be able to look at the world from an Aboriginal viewpoint and understand the different Aboriginal points of view on a range of issues such as reconciliation, social justice and equality. Teaching Aboriginal perspectives involves assisting students to be able to look at the world from an Aboriginal point of view and understanding the different Aboriginal points of view on a range of issues.

The APAC project provides teachers and schools with a wide range of resources, to enable them to improve the academic performance of Aboriginal students.

Roots and Shoots for Aboriginal Youth

Source: Jane Goodall Institute of Canada

Summary: Jane Goodall’s Roots & Shoots program is a youth action program and global network of young people working for positive change in their communities and beyond.

In 2009, the Jane Goodall Institute launched a pilot program to introduce Roots & Shoots to First Nation, Inuit and Métis communities across Canada. The program was funded by Indian and Northern Affairs of Canada (INAC), now known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development (AAND).

The goals of this program are to:

  • Educate First Nation, Inuit and Métis youth and communities about Roots& Shoots and the Jane Goodall Institute of Canada.
  • Support youth in taking action on issues affecting people, animals and the environment.
  • Mobilize youth to become more connected to their land, people and cultural identity.
  • Empower First Nation, Inuit and Métis youth to make change in their communities.

Although the program is geared toward children and youth, Roots & Shoots encourages people of all ages to get involved!

Arctic Peoples and Archaeology Interactive

Source: Inuit Heritage Trust, Government of Nunavut Department of Education and a Nunavut Land Claims organization along with Inuit Archaeologists and Inuit Elders.
Focus: Students and Teachers interested in studying the Arctic

Summary: Originally conceived of as a curriculum resource for Nunavut schools, this comprehensive interactive presentation provides an excellent introduction to the Arctic, and to the people who made this environment their home for the past thousands of years.

The presentation begins by introducing the Arctic environment. An interactive migration activity concludes this first section, encouraging the student to consider the challenges of a family at the turn of a season as they decide where to travel next to find the sustenance on which their lives depend. The next section introduces the arctic peoples, their tools, shelters, and their modes of transportation.

The third section introduces the science of archaeology along with the regulatory environment for accessing archaeology sites in Nunavut today. The final section focuses on a rich archaeological site in the High Arctic. This section is also interactive, requiring the student’s assistance to identify objects and make decisions about the Tuniit and the Thule who were known to have occupied this site.

This interactive site is available in Inuktitut, English and French versions.

Childcare and Children’s Health: Implementing An Aboriginal perspective into any everyday early childhood environment

Source: Centre for Community Child Health at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne with support from Johnson & Johnson
Focus: Parents and caregivers

Summary: This publication promotes current expert advice on child health and wellbeing and current policies and practices for those who work with young children and their families.

Gateway To Aboriginal Heritage: Online Exhibition

Source: Canadian Museum of Civilization
Focus: Grades 4, 5-8 and 9-12

Summary: The Canadian Museum of Civilization presents an extraordinary resource documenting the histories and cultures of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada.

Explore a selection of materials drawn from the Museum’s artifacts and archival collections. Historical and contemporary objects, images and documents vividly express the cultural diversity as well as creativity, resourcefulness and endurance of this country’s First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples.

Learning Activities by grade:

K-4: Students learn about the history and cultures of aboriginal peoples by identifying plant and animal materials used to make everyday objects, completing the Match the Object to the Material Activity Sheet, and engaging in a classroom discussion about materials people use to make objects.

2-4: Students learn about the history and cultures of aboriginal peoples and learn to interpret their artifacts by studying objects from the Canadian Museum of Civilization’s database. Students will complete an Amazing Object activity sheet, and make a presentation in a format of their choice.

5-8: Students learn to interpret museum artifacts, and learn about the history and culture of aboriginal peoples in Canada, by studying objects from the Canadian Museum of Civilization’s database, completing a Discovering Objects Activity Sheet, and making a presentation of artifacts.

Students learn to interpret artifacts, and learn about the history and cultures of aboriginal peoples, by selecting images of objects from the Canadian Museum of Civilization’s database, by creating a display that features similar objects from different cultures, and by making a presentation in a format of their choice.

9-12: Students learn to interpret objects that were made by aboriginal peoples in Canada, and learn about the history and cultures of Canada’s aboriginal peoples, by researching and selecting images of objects from the Canadian Museum of database, completing the Virtual Museum Challenge worksheet, and making a presentation of artifacts selected for an imaginary exhibition.

Students learn about the history and cultures of Canada’s aboriginal peoples, and learn how to write concise, meaningful label text, by selecting objects from the Canadian Museum of Civilization’s database, writing several labels in different ways, sharing their labels with their classmates, and making a presentation in a format of their choice.

Students learn about the history and cultures of Canada’s aboriginal peoples by searching the Canadian Museum of Civilization’s Gateway to Aboriginal Heritage web module, completing the Gateway to Aboriginal Heritage Database Quiz, and discussing their findings. This activity introduces students to a useful source of information.

Family, community, and Aboriginal language among young First Nations children living off reserve in Canada

Source: Statistics Canada
Focus: Teachers

Summary: Aboriginal languages are central to many First Nations people’s identity. The 2006 Census recorded more than 60 different Aboriginal languages spoken by First Nations people in Canada, grouped into distinct language families (Algonquian, Athapascan, Siouan, Salish, Tsimshian, Wakashan, Iroquoian, Haida, Kutenai and Tlingit). Some Algonquian languages, such as Cree and Ojibway, are considered to have better long-term viability than other languages spoken by First Nations people because of their relatively larger base of speakers. However, even these more viable languages have experienced a decline in their use as the primary home language over the past two decades.

According to the 1996 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, the passing down of Aboriginal languages across the generations was disrupted by residential schools in Canada, where the use of Aboriginal languages was prohibited. The Royal Commission also noted that the revitalization of Aboriginal languages in Canada is a key component for building both healthy individuals and healthy communities.

Given the state of Canada’s Aboriginal languages, information about Aboriginal language knowledge and the factors that are associated with language development and retention among today’s First Nations children is relevant and important for those working to preserve, revitalize and promote Aboriginal languages.

Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres (OFIFC)

Summary: The Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres (OFIFC) is a provincial Aboriginal organization representing the collective interests of twenty-nine member Friendship Centres located in towns and cities throughout the province. The OFIFC administers a number of programs which are delivered by local Friendship Centres in areas such as health, justice, family support, and employment and training. Friendship Centres also design and deliver local initiatives in areas such as education, economic development, children and youth initiatives, and cultural awareness. The Vision of the Aboriginal Friendship Centre Movement is “to improve the quality of life for Aboriginal people living in an urban environment by supporting self-determined activities which encourage equal access to and participation in Canadian Society and which respects Aboriginal cultural distinctiveness.”

Rabbit and Bear Paws

Focus: Grades 1-4

Summary:Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws is for the young and the young at heart. This series is set in 1750’s colonized North America and features the comical adventures of two brothers, Rabbit and Bear Paws. Using Traditional Native Teachings and humour, the stories are based on THE SEVEN FIRES PROPHECIES and THE SEVEN GRANDFATHERS.

The characters are mischievous and the audience learns enjoyable life lessons from their numerous pranks and mistakes while also appreciating the unity of the Native communities and how they related to one another peacefully.

The characters will travel to different parts of the country, from coast to coast in new humorous adventures. In those adventures students will learn about the different cultures and the gifts that they contributed to modern society.

All the characters are based on Traditional Teachings. Rabbit is based on the ideas from THE SEVEN FIRES PROPHECIES. He is to be the little boy who helps to guide to the path the ancestors have made. While Bear Paws is based on stories that describe Naniboozhoo and the many adventures that were created around this person.

The Seven Grandfathers is used to help create all age stories that reflect a positive message that is needed for all the people of the medicine wheel. Since the main characters were brothers, the adventures center around social experiences and everyday life events that would happen in the 18th century that are as important today as they were yesterday.

First Peoples Child and Family Review

Source: Faculty of Native Studies, University of Alberta
Focus: Students, teachers and the general public

Summary: The Métis National Council (MNC) Historical Online Database is a web-interfaced database that contains textual information extracted from archival documents relevant to the historical Métis Nation. The website also contains high-resolution digital photography and scans of many of the original documents represented in the database. The MNC Historical Online Database allows users to access Métis related archival information, previously only available at Library and Archives Canada (Ottawa) or on microfilm.

Genealogists and Métis users of this website are able to construct Métis family trees using the documents in the database. Providing Métis users with access to their ancestors’ documents facilitates the process of cultural re-connection, identity reclamation, and nation building.

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